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Clinical Theriogenology

Official Journal of The Society for Theriogenology and The American College of Theriogenologists

Mission Statement

Purpose of Clinical Theriogenology is to publish in a timely manner peer-reviewed information relevant to clinical practice in theriogenology for veterinary practitioners, academic clinicians, and veterinary students. Society for Theriogenology publishes its proceedings of Annual Conference and Symposia in Clinical Theriogenology.

Scope of the Journal

Clinical Theriogenology is broad in scope and manuscripts published are in following categories:

• Research reports

• Reviews of current literature

• Clinical reports

• Innovative techniques

• News from the Society for Theriogenology and the American College of Theriogenologists

Publication Schedule

Regular issues will be published quarterly. 

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts are accepted for consideration with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of a brief abstract) and are not simultaneously under review by another journal. Manuscript must be in English (American spellings), and follow Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals ( Following are guidelines:

Manuscripts should be submitted to the editor as an e-mail ( attachment.

• All pages are to be double-spaced

• Font: Times New Roman; 12

• Left Justified

• 1” margins at the top, bottom, and sides of each page

• All pages (including the title page) are to be numbered consecutively

• All lines of manuscript should be numbered consecutively

• Title: Should be self-explanatory. Bold font, centered, only first word and proper nouns upper case, remainder lower case, e.g. 

Hydroallantois and prepubic tendon rupture in a Standardbred mare

 Authors: Use only first name and last name; separated by comma; departmental or institutional affiliation denoted by superscript letter (superscript numbers are used to cite references); superscript placed after punctuation; centered below title; do not include degrees or specialty board certification, e.g.

Madonna Morrison,a Bradley Back,a  Trenton McClure,a Paul Hanna,a
Claire Card,b Mariana Amorima

• Institutional affiliation: 

Department, College, University, City, State abbreviation, Country (if other than the United States); do not include other information such as street address, zip (postal) code, etc., e.g.

aAtlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island
Charlottown, PE, Canada,
bWestern College of Veterinary Medicine
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada

• Abstract: Abstract should capture the essence of paper and should be limited to 250 words or fewer.

• Keywords: ‘Keywords’ (1 word) typed in bold font followed by a colon up to 6 keywords separated by commas. Note: only first keyword’s first letter is in capital, e.g.

Keywords: Equine, mucociliary, endoscopy, cervix, carbon

• Text: Leave a space below Keywords and start the text and divide it into traditional sections of a manuscript, namely, introduction, headings, subheadings, and conclusion. Indent the first line of each paragraph by 0.5 inches; single spaced; do not leave extra space between paragraphs. Leave a space before and after headings and subheadings

• Care and use of animals: Manuscripts reporting experimental data must include a statement in the section ‘Materials and methods’ that all procedures were approved by Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (or its equivalent in countries other than the United States). Please refer to statement of human and animal rights of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (

• Abbreviations: Do not use abbreviations in title or in abstract or in keywords or at beginning of a sentence. Abbreviations other than standard units of measurement should not be used excessively but if necessary, abbreviation must be defined at its first use in the text.

• Citations: Only most pertinent papers should be cited. References should be cited in consecutive order when first mentioned in text, designated by a superscript number placed after all punctuation marks with no space, e.g.

Hydroallantois in mares is a rare and life-threatening condition,1,2 which may lead to abdominal wall disease.2,3 

If 3 or more references are cited, use a hyphen between the first and last one, do not list them all, e.g.

Blood pressure rises when linea alba is incised and as ovaries are manipulated in healthy bitches undergoing OHE.15-17

Authors are responsible for ensuring the accuracy of all citations listed; citations must be verified against original publications. Authors need to cross check citations in text and references to ensure that all papers cited are included in the references and vice versa.

• Units of measurement: Measurements should be listed in Système Internationale (SI) units.

• Tables: Data can be summarized in well-designed tables prepared with table function of Microsoft Word. Each table should be with legend typed above table. Tables are numbered consecutively (Table 1, Table 2, etc.) as they appear in the text and if only 1 table is used do not give a number. Bold the word ‘Table’ in title of table. Embed tables in text right below where they are mentioned in the text for the first time. 

• Numerals: Write out numbers if they appear as the first word in a sentence.

• Illustrations: Figures are to be cited consecutively by number (Figure1, Figure 2, etc.) as they appear in the text and if only 1 figure is used do not give a number. Bold the word ‘Figure’ in the legend that appear below figure. Embed figures in text right below where they are mentioned in text for the first time.

• All images and text are sent to the printer in digital format. Acceptable formats are .jpeg and .tiff. Minimum acceptable resolution is 300 pixels/inch for halftones and 1200 pixels per inch for line art. Black and white illustrations are reproduced at no charge but cost of including color plates will be billed to the author.

• Sources and manufacturers: Only generic names of drugs, chemicals, test kits, and equipment should be used in text followed in parentheses by tradename, supplier’s name, and supplier’s address (city, state [country if not in the United States]). For example: Cow was treated with 100 μg gonadorelin hydrochloride IM (Factrel™, Fort Dodge Animal Health, Ft. Dodge, IA). Subsequent citation(s) of the company need not have city and state.

• Conflict of interest: Authors are required to disclose any conflicts of interest such as financial or personal relationships with people, organizations, or commercial interests that may influence or be perceived to influence their conclusions. Please refer to conflict of interest statement of International Committee of Medical Journal Editors

• Acknowledgement: Persons who make substantial contributions to content of the article but who do not qualify as authors should be acknowledged. State sources of funding.

• References:



List only first 3 authors, if more than 3, then use et al. Use only last name of authors first, then initials, no periods after initials or spaces between initials, comma between authors’ initials, colon (:) after last author initials or after et al, e.g.

Clark SG:
Zwida KH, Kutzler MA:
Roberts JN, Grooms DL, Thompson ER, et al:


Titles of journals are to be abbreviated in the style of Index Medicus ( accordance with the National Library of Medicine ( Titles are not italicized. Titles with 1 word such as Theriogenology are not abbreviated. Title Clinical Theriogenology is not abbreviated. Unpublished observations and personal communications should not be used as references. Articles listed as “in press” must have been accepted for publication.

Journal titles are in normal font, not in italics, 1 space between journal title and year of publication.

Year of Publication

Year of journal publication is followed by a semicolon (;), no space after year or after semicolon.

Volume Number

Volume number of the journal follows the semicolon, no space and is followed by a colon, issue numbers, months, etc. are not included.

Page Numbers

The inclusive page numbers are listed; if only the first page is listed, it gives the appearance that the work cited is an abstract. Use the shorter hyphen (-) between the first and last pages. A period follows the last page number (no abbreviation of last page), e.g.

Journal article (single author)

Odde KG: A review of synchronization of estrus in postpartum cattle. J Anim Sci 1990;68:817-830.

Journal article (more than 3 authors)

Martinez MF, Adams GP, Kastelic JP, et al: Induction of follicular wave emergence for estrus synchronization and artificial insemination in heifers. Theriogenology 2000;54:757-769.

Book (single editor)

Krekler N, Hollinshead F: Pyometra. In: Monnet E: editor. Small Animal Soft Tissue Surgery. 1st edition, Hoboken; Wiley-Blackwell: 2013. p. 625-634.

Book (more than 3 editors)

McKinnon AO, McCue PM: Induction of ovulation. In: McKinnon AO, Squires EL, Vaala WE, et al: editors. Equine Reproduction. 2nd edition, Ames; Wiley-Blackwell: 2011. p. 1858-1869.


Kenny RM, Bergman RV, Cooper WL, et al: Minimal contamination techniques for breeding mares: techniques and preliminary findings. Proc Annu Conv Am Assoc Equine Pract 1975; p. 327-336.

Outline for Case Reports

Title of Case
Authors of case: Only use first and last names of each author and institutional affiliation
Do not list academic degrees or specialty board certification
Abstract: Up to 150 words summarizing case presentation and outcome
Background: Why is this case important? Do not describe the case here but provide information from literature and ‘make a case for your case’
Please go over published cases in Clinical Theriogenology
Case Presentation: Presenting features, pertinent medical history, and herd history, if applicable
Differential Diagnosis, if relevant
Discussion: Include a brief review of similar published cases; how many other similar cases reported?
Learning points: Three to 5 bullet points
References: Vancouver style
Figure/photo captions, if any

• Manuscripts/case reports are initially reviewed by the editor and please note that they will be returned to the author, if the requirements are not met. Authors have to provide names and contact information of 5 potential reviewers. Manuscripts/case reports will be reviewed at least by 2 reviewers and are published in the order they pass peer review process.

• Instructions to Authors are subject to revision to meet technical standards imposed by printer and by Editorial Board. Please contact editor (, if you have general questions, suggestions or if you need good examples of manuscripts/case reports published in Clinical Theriogenology.

Mission Statement

The mission of the ACT is to promote animal well-being, reproductive health, responsible breeding and genetic practices, and efficient management of breeding-age animals in agriculture, veterinary practice, zoos, preserves, and ecosystems. In particular, the ACT envisions development of focus areas in theriogenology to incorporate the following in theriogenology/reproductive medicine:

1. Population control for domestic and non-domestic animals including feral animals, free-ranging and captive wildlife.

2. Genomics in livestock and companion animal practice.

Contact Us

American College of Theriogenologists
P.O. Box 168
Mathews, AL 36052
P: 334-395-4666
F: 334-270-3399

Click here to email us
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